From The President's Desk

Grandite's president, Axel Troike, occasionally blogs about Business-Architecture-related topics such as

We hope you feel inspired and welcome your feedback here.


About Data Leadership

Close Encounters With the 3rd Resource

No business can operate without people, at least it requires the person that manages and represents the business, the CEO. S/he will need funds (Finance) to run the organization, hire additional people (Human Resources), rent a place for the business etc. The organization will develop products/services, acquire clients and look for suppliers. The business will collect and record Data, i.e. pieces of information about its products / services, clients, addresses, orders etc.. The recording of Data ...

Read more

Pondering on Data and CDO (Chief Data Officer)

A successful approach to organizing a business is to avoid overhead, i.e. to decentralize responsibilities as much as possible and to centralize as little as necessary. Having this in mind, I closed an earlier post "Close encounters with the 3rd resource" postulating that business departments take their ownership and responsibility to govern Data as assets ...

Read more

Value of a Data Management Office

Question 1: What is the value of a data management office and why do we need one?


To state the obvious first: Data are valuable because employees with an "office job" are paid to do "nothing else" but processing data ...

Read more

The Organizational Challenge of Enterprise Information Management

Medium and large enterprises as well as public administrations are constructed hierarchically, and that is for obvious reasons the best, if not the only principle to successfully conduct any endeavor that involves a certain number of people.


At some point in history, when the benefits of information technology were discovered, enterprises innocently imposed the same paradigm on their applications and ...

Read more

About GDPR (DSGVO) / Regulatory Compliance / Data Governance / Data Quality

GDPR - More Than Just Another Regulation

It has become all too common that business initiatives targeting infrastructural improvements such as Enterprise Architecture & Business Modeling, Data Governance & Master Data Management, Privacy & Data Protection are put on the back-burner or are totally suppressed in favor of endeavors that promise monetary benefits in the short term.


Accordingly, few organizations are really prepared for a timely response to requirements imposed by law or by industry-specific regulatory authorities. Considering the usually moderate fines for non-compliance and potentially little other consequences, delayed reaction and acceptance of the risk ...

Read more

How The GDPR Can Propel An Organization's Informational Infrastructure

I concluded my recent post "GDPR - More Than Just Another Regulation" stating that the GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) forces organizations to prioritize a long-due overhaul of their informational infrastructure.


In my understanding, a contemporary informational infrastructure is a system of people, processes and tools that ...

Read more

GDPR Necessitates a Professional Data Modeling Tool

In my post How The GDPR Can Propel An Organization's Informational Infrastructure I mentioned that recording Data Lineage is implicitly required by multiple regulations, most prominently the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) ...

Read more

Need For Compliance With GDPR Is Beyond Any Organization's Control

When non-European organizations first heard of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), they may have understood it as a European regulation only - and therefore considered it not to be applicable to their business. However, looking closer, ...

Read more

GDPR - How to Discover and Document Personal Data

One of the first steps for organizations on the journey to GDPR compliance is to find out what 'personal data' (i.e. any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person) are stored where. For many organizations, this can be a tedious, cumbersome process, since very often the complete 'list' of all metadata describing personal data is not at hand ...

Read more

GDPR & Personal Data - Context is Key and (Foreign) Key is Context

A logical data model is one of the important milestones on the road to GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) compliance. Being the blueprint of an organization's semantic data and the relationships among them, the logical data model serves ...

Read more

What repeatedly worries me about the GDPR ...

... Are public comments inaccurately conveying the notion that the GDPR only applies to organizations processing PII* of prospects / clients who are EU citizens...

Read more

What is Data Governance?

Since Data Governance was introduced as a term, a variety of definitions has emerged which has caused contradictory interpretations and understanding of its meaning. Some people use Data Governance as a synonym for Data Quality, others believe it is something complementary. A third group considers Data Governance to be similar to Data Management...

Read more

A Different Introduction to Data Governance

Most likely, you have heard the term Data Governance before, or even read multiple attempts to define it...


No, Data Governance is not just a hype, and it's not the latest intrigue of your IT department. It's not about pushing responsibilities or blaming people ...

Read more

Some Basic Recommendations for Data Quality

1. Create a business data model while limiting its scope to data which you are legally entitled to collect, have a clear business purpose, have a purpose that you can explain to the respective target group (customers, employees, suppliers etc.) while avoiding to re-create entities / attributes that are rightfully already defined within the organization ...

Read more

About Master Data Management (MDM)

Who Is Responsible for Master Data?

Most organizations are run based on the assumption that their business can be hierarchically structured with well-defined exclusive tasks and responsibilities - so if everyone "minds his business", the organization as a whole will do well. At some point in history, when the benefits of information technology were discovered, the IT department was added to the org-chart, and one after the other operational department began to use IT's service to automate "their" business ...

Read more

Business Value of Master Data Management

Successful Master Data Management is based on Master Data Modeling which actually distinguishes Master Entities and Master Relationships. Moreover, here is the historic opportunity to underscore the business value of (Master) Data Modeling ...

Read more

About Data Modeling

How to Define the Target for Enterprise Information Management

In my recent post "The Organizational Challenge of Enterprise Information Management", I recommended to create a high-level conceptual data model as a target map for Enterprise Information Management (EIM), with Master Data Management (MDM) and Data Governance being core strategies to transform the organization from legacy structure to a data-driven business. ...

Read more

Modeling Party-to-Party Relationships

Inspired by a question that was raised on a data modeling forum, namely, how relationships between instances of the master entity Party should be modeled, I created a representation as of image 1 ...

Read more

Data modeling tools have produced DDL for all the major RDBMSs for years, but what about DDL for non-RDBMS-related storage?

This is a question I am frequently asked, as data modeling seems to be associated to SQL databases while there is no support (available, possible, necessary?) for so called NoSQL databases.


To put a possible short answer into perspective, I like to include some preliminary thoughts....

Read more